Geographical Indication of Goods


Geographical indication relates to the protection of goods manufactured in a particular territory, area or locality within it. Due to the particular characteristics it possesses for belonging to that area, its origin is protected through a name or sign properly registered.

Article 22 of the TRIPS Agreements defines Geographical Indication as "indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a Member, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographical origin".

The primary aim of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 are as follows:
  1. Confers legal protection to geographical indications in India
  2. To exclude unauthorized persons from misusing geographical indications and to protect consumers from deception and,
  3. To promote goods bearing Indian Geographical Indication in the export market.

A registered Geographical Indications prohibit third party to use such Geographical indication by any means in the designations or presentations of goods that indicate that such goods originates in a geographical area.

The first GI in India was registered in 2004. This was followed by ------ GI's have been granted Registration as on October 25, 2017 by the GI Registry, India. The GI Registry has received a total number of 610 GI Applications as on January 11, 2018.

Darjeeling'(tea), 'Alphonso' (mango), 'Basmati' (rice), etc., there was no separate legislation on G


Darjeeling'(tea), 'Alphonso' (mango), 'Basmati' (rice)


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